Musical form consisting of two sections, A and B, which contrast with each other.
Musical form consisting of three sections, A, B, and A; two are the same and the middle one is different.
A musical part that supports or partners a melody line and repeats.
Setting or adaptation of an existing musical composition.
Characteristic way in which musical tones are connected, separated, or accented; types of articulation include legato (smooth, connected tone) and staccato (short, detached tones).
Underlying steady pulse present in most music.
Original piece of music that can be repeated, typically developed over time, and preserved either in notation or in a sound recording.
Level or range of loudness of sound.
Element of music describing the overall organization of a piece of music, such as AB, ABA, theme and variations.
Supports the melody: two or more parts sung or played simultaneously.
A musical harmony connected by a series of phrases.
Series of two or more chords commonly used to support melody(ies).
Representation of sound and its treatment using lines, drawings, pictures.
A succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; ascending or descending.
Grouping, generally brief, of tones or pitches.
A melody connected by a series of phrases.
A sequence of sounds (pitches) and silences moving through time; the horizontal structure of music.
Grouping of beats and divisions of beats in music.
Brief rhythmic/melodic pattern that recurs throughout a composition as a unifying element.
Musical segment with a clear beginning and ending, comparable to a simple sentence or clause in written text.
Performance of musical phrase that uses expressive qualities such as dynamics, tempo, articulation, and timbre, to convey a thought, mood, or feeling.
Identification of a tone or note with respect to highness or lowness (e.g., frequency).
Grouping, generally brief, of long and short sounds and silences.
A rhythm connected by a series of phrases.
Duration or length of sounds and silences that occur in music; organization of sounds and silences in time.
Simple Chord Changes
A combination of chords in a certain key that repeats.
System for visually representing musical sound (e.g., traditional music staff notation).
Tonality of a musical work.
Label for a type of music possessing distinguishing characteristics associated with its historical period, cultural context, and/or genre.
Rate of speed of the beat in a musical work or performance.
Theme and Variation
Musical form in which a melody is presented and then followed by two or more sections presenting variations of that melody.
Tone color or tone quality that distinguishes one sound source, instrument, or voice from another.
Key tone around which a piece of music is centered.
One color or tone quality that distinguishes one sound source, instrument, or voice from another.